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 JAMES BROWN MR DYNAMITE 

   

"TITTER YE NOT"

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In my new post at the recycling plant, I'm melting down all James Brown's vinyl records.

It's a soul destroying job.

 

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When I was a kid, my parents told me the boogie man would get me if I were naughty.

I was so glad when James Brown died.
 

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So James Brown has officially been voted as the King of Soul.

I didn't realise that

South Korea was a monarchy.
 

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I've been doing a lot of soul searching recently.

James Brown's name seems to pop up a lot.

 

******************

A judge sentenced me to 30 years in prison for the rape and murder of

6 women in my local area.

"Mr. Smith, it's no less than you deserve, you truly are a monster with no soul!" He said.

Proved that twat wrong!

 

I sang James Brown - Sex machine perfectly in key for the whole courtroom to hear.

 

******************

 A YOUNG JAMES BROWN 

 

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classic james brown
james brown
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YOUNG JAMES BROWN
ENOLA GAY 82 100% preshrunk cotton 6.1 oz Crew Neckline Standard Fit Machine Wash Cold

 JAMES BROWN AT PEACE 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 James Joseph Brown  was born on May 3, 1933, in Barnwell,

South Carolina, to 16-year-old Susie (née Behling; 1917–2003)

and 22-year-old Joseph "Joe" Gardner Brown (1911–1993), in a

small wooden shack. Brown's name was supposed to have been

Joseph James Brown, Jr.; however, his first and middle names

were mistakenly reversed on his birth certificate. Brown later

legally changed his name to remove the "Jr."designation. His

parents were both black; in his autobiography, Brown stated that

he also had Chinese and Native American ancestry.

 

The Brown family lived in extreme poverty in Elko, South Carolina,

which was an impoverished town at the time. They later moved to

 Augusta, Georgia , when Brown was four or five. Brown's family

first settled at one of his aunts' brothels and later moved into a

house shared with another aunt. Brown's mother later left the

family after a contentious marriage and moved to New York. Brown

spent long stretches of time on his own, hanging out in the streets

and hustling to get by. Brown managed to stay in school until sixth

grade.

 

Brown began singing in talent shows as a young child, first

appearing at Augusta's Lenox Theater in 1944, winning the show after singing the ballad "So

Long". While in Augusta, Brown performed buck dances for change to entertain troops from

Camp Gordon at the start of World War II as their convoys travelled over a canal bridge from

near his aunt's home. Brown learned how to play piano, guitar and harmonica during this

period. Brown became inspired to become an entertainer after seeing footage of  Louis Jordan and his Tympany Five  performing "Caldonia" in a short film. During his teen years, Brown briefly had a career as a boxer. At 16, Brown was convicted of robbery and

was sent to a juvenile detention centre in Toccoa.

 

Brown formed a gospel quartet with four fellow cellmates, including Johnny Terry. Stories differ as to how Brown was eventually paroled, including a story that Bobby Byrd's family had helped to secure an early release, while another stated that Brown got his parole after a car and motor manufacturing company owner, S.C. Lawson, agreed to be a sponsor after Brown had promised to look for a job guaranteed for two years. Brown was paroled on June 14, 1952. Upon his release, Brown joined a gospel group and worked at several jobs, including the Lawson Motor Company and as a janitor at a local school. Brown and  Bobby Byrd  reportedly met following his release from prison and the two became friends.

 

Brown joined Byrd's group, which highlighted under two names, as an a cappella gospel group called the Gospel Starlighters, and

an R&B band known as the Avons. Brown had allegedly joined the band after one of the group's members, Troy Collins, was killed.

Along with Brown and Byrd, the group consisted of Sylvester Keels, Doyle Oglesby, Fred Pulliam, Nash Knox and Nafloyd Scott.

Influenced by R&B groups such as Hank Ballard and the

Midnighters, the Orioles and  Billy Ward and his Dominoes , the

group changed its name, first to the Toccoa Band, and then to the

Flames. Nafloyd's brother Baroy later joined the group on bass

guitar and Brown, Byrd and Keels switched lead positions and

instruments, often playing drums and piano. Johnny Terry later

joined while Pulliam and Oglesby had long left.

 

Berry Trimier became the group's initial manager booking them at

parties near college campuses in the Georgia and South Carolina

areas. The group had already gained a reputation for being a live

act when they renamed themselves the " Famous Flames ". By 1955,

the group had contacted Little Richard, who was idolized by Brown,

while performing in Macon. Richard convinced the group to get in

contact with Richard's manager at the time, Clint Brantley, at his

nightclub. Brantley agreed to manage them after seeing the group

audition. Brantley then sent them to a local radio station to record a

demo session, where they performed their own composition "Please,

Please, Please", which was inspired when Little Richard wrote the

words of the title on a napkin and Brown was determined to make a

song out of it. The Famous Flames eventually signed with King

Records' Federal subsidiary in Cincinnati, Ohio and issued a re-recorded version of "Please, Please, Please" in March 1956. The song became the group's first R&B hit, selling over a million copies. None of their follow-ups produced similar success. By 1957, Brown had replaced Clint Brantley as manager and hired Ben Bart, chief of Universal Attractions Agency. That year, the original Flames broke up after Bart changed the name of the group to "James Brown and The Famous Flames".

 

In October 1958, Brown released the ballad, "Try Me", which hit number-one on the R&B charting the beginning of 1959, becoming

the first of seventeen chart-topping R&B hits. Shortly afterwards, Brown recruited his first band, led by J.C.Davis and reunited with

Bobby Byrd, who joined a revived Famous Flames lineup that included Eugene "Baby" Lloyd Stallworth and Bobby Bennett,

with Johnny Terry sometimes coming in as the "fifth Flame". Brown, the Famous Flames, and his entire band debuted at the Apollo

Theater on April 24, 1959, opening for Little Willie John. Federal Records issued two albums credited to Brown and the Famous Flames. By 1960, Brown began multi-tasking in the recording studio involving himself, the Famous Flames and his band, sometimes named the  James Brown Orchestra  or the James Brown Band. That year, the band recorded the top ten R&B hit, "(Do the) Mashed Potatoes" on Dade Records, owned by Henry Stone, under the pseudonym "Nat Kendrick & the Swans", due to label issues. As a result of its success, King president Syd Nathan shifted Brown's contract from Federal to King.

While under King, Brown, under the Famous Flames lineup, released the album, Think! and the

following year, released two albums with the James Brown Band earning second billing. With

the Famous Flames, Brown sung lead on several more hits including "I'll Go Crazy" and "Think"

songs that hinted at his emerging style.

 

By 1962, Brown scored a hit with his band with their cover of the instrumental, " Night Train ",

becoming not only a top five R&B single but also Brown's first top 40 entry on the Billboard Hot

100. That same year, the ballads, "Lost Someone" and "Baby You're Right", the latter a Joe Tex

composition, added to his repertoire and increased his reputation with R&B audiences. On

October 24, 1962, Brown financed a live recording of a performance at the Apollo and

convinced Syd Nathan to release the album, despite Nathan's beliefs that no one bought live

albums due to the fact that Brown's singles were already bought and that live albums were

usually bad sellers.

 

 Live at the Apollo  was released the following June and became an immediate hit, eventually

reaching number two on the Top LPs chart and selling over a million copies, staying on the

charts for 14 months. In 1963, Brown scored his first top 20 pop hit with his rendition of the

standard, "Prisoner of Love". He also launched his first label,Try Me Records, which included

recordings by the likes of Tammy Montgomery (later to be famous as Tammi Terrell), Johnny &

Bill (Famous Flames associates Johnny Terry and Bill Hollings) and the Poets, which was

another name used for Brown's backing band.

 

In 1964, seeking bigger commercial success, Brown and Bobby Byrd formed the production company, Fair Deal, linking the operation to the Mercury imprint, Smash Records. King Records, however, fought against this and was granted an injunction

preventing Brown from releasing any recordings for the label. Prior to the injunction, Brown had released three vocal singles, including the blues-oriented hit, "Out of Sight", which further indicated the direction his music was going to take.

Touring throughout the year, Brown and the Famous Flames grabbed more national attention after giving an explosive show-stopping performance on the live concert film, The T.A.M.I. Show. The Flames' dynamic gospel-tinged vocals, polished

choreography and timing as well as Brown's energetic dance moves and high-octane singing upstaged the show from proposed closing act, the Rolling Stones. With a new deal with King, Brown released his composition, " Papa's Got a Brand New Bag ", which became his first top ten pop hit and won Brown his first Grammy Award. Later in 1965, Brown issued "I Got You", which became his second single in a row to reach number-one on the R&B chart and top ten on the pop chart. Brown followed that up with the ballad, "It's a Man's Man's Man's World" which confirmed his stance as a top-ranking performer, especially with R&B audiences from that point on.

Get On Up James Brown MOVIE

 

By 1967, Brown's emerging sound had begun to be defined as funk music. That year,

he released what some critics cited as the first true funk song, " Cold Sweat ", which

hit number - one on the R&B chart (Top 10 Pop), and became one of his first

recordings to contain a drum break and also the first that featured a harmony that

was reduced to a single chord. The instrumental arrangements on tracks such as

"Give It Up Or Turnit A Loose" and "Licking Stick-Licking Stick" (both recorded in

1968) and "Funky Drummer" (recorded in 1969) featured a more developed version

of Brown's mid-1960s style, with the horn section, guitars, bass and drums meshed

together in intricate rhythmic patterns based on multiple interlocking riffs.

 

Changes in Brown's style that started with "Cold Sweat" also established the musical

foundation for Brown's later hits, such as " I Got the Feelin '" (1968) and "Mother

Popcorn" (1969). By this time Brown's vocals frequently took the form of a kind of

rhythmic declamation, not quite sung but not quite spoken, that only intermittently

featured traces of pitch or melody. This would become a major influence on the

techniques of rapping, which would come to maturity along with hip hop music in the

coming decades. Brown's style of funk in the late 1960s was based on interlocking

syncopated parts: funky bass lines, drum patterns, and iconic guitar riffs. The main

guitar ostinatos for "Ain't It Funky" and "Give It Up or Turn It Loose" (both 1969), are

examples of Brown's refinement of New Orleans funk; irresistibly danceable riffs,

stripped down to their rhythmic essence. On both recordings the tonal structure is

bare bones. The pattern of attack-points is the emphasis, not the pattern of pitches.

It's as if the guitar is an African drum, or idiophone. Alexander Stewart states that this

popular feel was passed along from "New Orleans — through James Brown's music,

to the popular music of the 1970s." Those same tracks were later resurrected by countless hip-hop musicians from the 1970s onward. As a result, James Brown remains to this day the world's most sampled

recording artist.

 JAMES BROWN - 

 PAPAS GOT A BRAND NEW BAG - I FEEL GOOD 

                                                                                                              "Bring it Up" has an Afro-Cuban guajeo-like structure. In fact,                                                                                                                  on a 1976 version, Cuban bongos are used. All three of these                                                                                                                  guitar riffs are based on an on beat/off beat structure. Stewart                                                                                                                  states:                                                                                                                                                                                                                  "This model,it should be noted, is different from a timeline

                                                                                                              (such as clave and tresillo) in that it is no an exact pattern, but                                                                                                                more of a loose organizing principle."

 

                                                                                                              It was around this time as the musician's popularity increased                                                                                                                 that he acquired the nickname, "Soul Brother No. 1", after                                                                                                                        failing to win the title "King of Soul" from Solomon Burke during                                                                                                                a Chicago gig two years prior. Brown's recordings during this                                                                                                                   period influenced musicians across the industry, most notably                                                                                                                 groups such as Sly and the Family Stone, Funkadelic, Charles                                                                                                                 Wright & the Watts 103rd Street Rhythm Band, Booker T. & the                                                                                                               M.G.s as well as vocalists such as Edwin Starr, David Ruffin

                                                                                                              and Dennis Edwards from The Temptations, and Michael                                                                                                                          Jackson, who, throughout his career, cited Brown as his                                                                                                                          ultimate idol.

 

                                                                                                              Brown's band during this period employed musicians and                                                                                                                         arrangers who had come up through the jazz tradition. He was                                                                                                                 noted for his ability as a bandleader and songwriter to blend

                                                                                                              the simplicity and drive of  R&B  with the rhythmic complexity                                                                                                                  and precision of jazz.

 

Trumpeter Lewis Hamlin and saxophonist/keyboardist Alfred "Pee Wee" Ellis (the successor to previous bandleader Nat Jones) led the band. Guitarist Jimmy Nolen provided percussive, deceptively simple riffs for each song, and Maceo Parker's prominent saxophone solos provided a focal point for many performances. Other members of Brown's band included stalwart Famous Flames singer and sideman Bobby Byrd, drummers John "Jabo" Starks,  Clyde Stubblefield  and Melvin Parker, saxophonist St. Clair

Pinckney, trombonist Fred Wesley, guitarist Alphonso "Country" Kellum and bassist Bernard Odum.

 

In addition to a torrent of singles and studio albums, Brown's output during this period included two more successful live albums,

Live at the Garden (1967) and Live at the Apollo, Volume II (1968), and a  1968 television special, James Brown :

                                                                                                                                                                                    Man to Man. His music empire expanded along with his influence on the music scene. As Brown's music empire grew, his desire for financial and artistic independence grew as well. Brown bought radio stations during the late 1960s, including WRDW in his native Augusta,

where he shined shoes as a boy. In November 1967, James Brown purchased radio station WGYW in Knoxville, Tennessee for a reported $75,000, according to the January 20, 1968 Record World magazine. The call letters were changed to WJBE reflecting his initials. WJBE began on January 15, 1968 and broadcast a Rhythm & Blues format. The station slogan was "WJBE 1430 Raw Soul". Brown also bought WEBB in Baltimore in 1970.

 

Brown branched out to make several recordings with musicians outside his own band. In an attempt to appeal to the older, more affluent, and predominantly white adult contemporary audience, Brown recorded Gettin' Down To It (1969) and Soul on Top (1970)     -- two albums consisting mostly of romantic ballads, jazz standards, and homologous reinterpretations of his earlier hits—with the Dee Felice Trio and the Louie Bellson Orchestra. In 1968, he recorded a number of funk oriented tracks with The Dapps, a white

Cincinnati band, including the hit " I Can't Stand Myself ". He also released three albums of Christmas music with his own band.

 

In March 1970, most of Brown's mid-to-late 1960s road band walked out on him due to money disputes, a development augured by the prior disbandment of The Famous Flames singing group for the same reason in 1968. Brown and erstwhile Famous Flames singer Bobby Byrd (who chose to remain in the band during this tumultuous period) subsequently recruited several members of the Cincinnati-based The Pacemakers, which included Bootsy Collins and his brother Phelps "Catfish" Collins; augmented by the remaining members of the 1960s road band (including Fred Wesley, who rejoined Brown's outfit in December 1970) and other newer musicians, they would form the nucleus of   The J.B.'s , Brown's new backing ensemble. Shortly following their first performance together, the band entered the studio to record the Brown-Byrd composition, "Get Up (I Feel Like Being a) Sex Machine"; the song and other contemporaneous singles would further cement Brown's influence in the nascent genre of funk music. This iteration of the J.B.'s dissolved after a March 1971 European tour (documented on the 1991 archival release Love Power Peace) due to additional money disputes and Bootsy Collins' use of LSD; the Collins brothers would soon become integral members of Parliament-Funkadelic, while a new lineup of the J.B.'s coalesced around Wesley, St. Clair Pinckney, and drummer John Starks.

 

Brown's "Papa Don't Take No Mess" would be his final single to reach the No. 1 spot on the R&B charts and his final Top 40 pop single of the 1970s, though Brown continued to occasionally have Top 10 R&B recordings. Among his top ten R&B hits during this latter period included "Funky President" and " Get Up Offa That Thing ", the latter song released in 1976 and aimed at musical rivals such as Barry White, The Ohio Players and K.C. and the Sunshine Band. Brown credited his then-second wife and two of their children as writers of the song to avoid concurrent tax problems with the IRS. Starting in October 1975, Brown produced, directed, and hosted Future Shock, an Atlanta-based television variety show that ran for three years.

james brown baltimore 1963

Although his records were mainstays of the vanguard New York underground disco

scene exemplified by DJs such as  David Mancuso  and Francis Grasso from 1969

onwards, Brown did not consciously yield to the trend until 1975's Sex Machine

Today. By 1977, he was no longer a dominant force in R&B. After "Get Up Offa That

Thing", thirteen of Brown's late 1970s recordings for Polydor failed to reach the Top

10 of the R&B chart, with only "Bodyheat" in 1976 and the disco-oriented "It's Too

Funky in Here" in 1979 reaching the R&B Top 15 and the ballad "Kiss in '77" reaching

the Top 20. After 1976's "Bodyheat", he also failed to appear on the Billboard Hot 100.

As a result, Brown's concert attendance began dropping and reported disputes with

the IRS caused Brown's empire to collapse. In addition, Brown's former band mates,

including Fred Wesley, Maceo Parker and the Collins brothers, had found bigger

success as members of George Clinton's Parliament-Funkadelic collective. The

emergence of disco also stopped Brown's success on the R&B charts as its slicker

commercial style had superseded his rawer funk productions.

 

By the release of 1979's The Original Disco Man, Brown was not providing much

production or writing, leaving most of it to producer Brad Shapiro, resulting in the song

"It's Too Funky in Here" becoming Brown's most successful single in this period. After

two more albums failed to chart, Brown left Polydor in 1981. It was around this time

that Brown changed the name of his band from the J.B.'s to the Soul Generals (or

Soul G's). This band's name remained that way until his death. Despite a decline in

record sales, Brown enjoyed something of a resurgence in this period starting with

appearances in the feature films The Blues Brothers, Doctor Detroit and Rocky IV, as

well as guest starring in the Miami Vice episode "Missing Hours" (1987). In 1984,

Brown teamed with rap musician Afrika Bambatta on the song "Unity". A year later

he signed with Scotti Brothers Records and issued the moderately successful album,

Gravity, in 1986. It included Brown's final Top 10 pop hit, "Living in America", marking his first Top 40 entry since 1974 and his first Top 10 pop entry since 1968. Produced and written by Dan Hartman, it was also featured prominently on the Rocky IV film and soundtrack. Brown performed the song in the film at Apollo Creed's final fight, shot in the Ziegfeld Room at the MGM Grand in Las Vegas, and was credited in the film as "The Godfather of Soul." 1986 also saw the publication of Brown's autobiography, James Brown:  The Godfather of Soul , co-written with Bruce Tucker. In 1987, Brown won the Grammy for Best Male R&B Vocal Performance for "Living in America".

 

In 1988, Brown worked with the production team Full Force on the new jack swing-influenced album I'm Real. It spawned his final two Top 10 R&B hits, "I'm Real" and "Static", which peaked at No. 2 and No. 5, respectively, on the R&B charts. Meanwhile, the

drum break from the second version of the original 1969 hit "Give It Up Or Turnit A Loose" (the recording included on the compilation album In the Jungle Groove) became so popular at hip hop dance parties (especially for breakdance) during the late 1970s and

early 1980s that hip hop founding father  Kurtis Blow  called the song "the national anthem of hip hop".

 

After his stint in prison during the late 1980s, Brown met Larry Fridie and Thomas Hart who produced the first James Brown biopic titled James Brown The Man, the Message, the Music, released in 1992. James Brown returned with the album Love Over-Due in 1991. It included the single "(So Tired of Standing Still We Got to) Move On", which peaked at No. 48 on the R&B chart. His former record label Polydor also released the four-CD box set, Star Time, spanning Brown's career to date. Brown's release from prison also prompted his former record labels to reissue his albums on CD, featuring additional tracks and commentary by music critics and historians. That same year, Brown appeared on rapper  MC Hammer's  video for "Too Legit to Quit". Hammer had been noted, alongside Big Daddy Kane, for bringing Brown's unique stage shows and their own energetic dance moves to the hip-hop

generation, with both Hammer and Kane listing Brown as their idol. Both musicians also sampled Brown's work, with Hammer

having sampled the rhythms from "Super Bad" for his song, "Here Comes the Hammer", from his best-selling album, Please

Hammer, Don't Hurt 'Em. Before the year was over, Brown, who had immediately returned to work with his band following his release, organized a pay-per-view concert following a show at Los Angeles' Wiltern Theatre, that was well received.

 

james brown mugshot

 JAMES BROWN MUG SHOT 1988 

 Brown's personal life was marred by several brushes with the law . At the age of 16, he was convicted of theft and served three years in juvenile prison. On July 16, 1978, after performing at the Apollo, Brown was arrested for reportedly failing to turn in records from one of his radio stations after the station was forced to file for bankruptcy. Brown was arrested in May 1988 on drug and weapons charges, and again on September 24, 1988, following a high-speed car chase on Interstate 20 near the Georgia-South Carolina state border. He was convicted of carrying an unlicensed pistol and assaulting a police officer, along with various drug-related and driving offenses. Although he was sentenced to six years in prison, he was eventually released on parole on February 27, 1991 after serving two years of his sentence. Brown's FBI file, released to The Washington Post in 2007 under the Freedom of Information Act, related Brown's claim that the high-speed chase did not occur as claimed by the police, and that local police shot at his car several times during an incident of police harassment and assaulted him after his arrest. Local authorities found no merit to Brown's accusations.

 

For the remainder of his life,  Brown was repeatedly arrested for domestic violence . Adrienne Rodriguez, his third wife, had him arrested four times between 1987 and 1995 on charges of assault. In January 2004, Brown was arrested in South Carolina on a domestic violence charge after Tomi Rae Hynie accused him of pushing her to the floor during an argument at their home, where

she suffered scratches and bruises to her right arm and hip. Later that year in June 2004, Brown pleaded no contest to the domestic violence incident, but served no jail time. Instead, Brown was required to forfeit a US$1,087 bond as punishment.

 

For the majority of his career, Brown had a strict drug and alcohol-free policy for any member in his entourage, including band members, and would fire people who disobeyed orders, particularly those who used or abused drugs and alcohol. Some members

of Brown's vocal group the Famous Flames were fired

due to alcohol use. Despite the policy, some of the

original members of Brown's 1970s band, The J.B.'s,

including Catfish and Bootsy Collins, intentionally took

LSD during a concert gig in 1971, causing Brown to fire

them after the show because he had suspected them to

be on drugs all along.

 

However, by the mid-1980s, it was alleged that Brown

himself was using drugs. After meeting and later

marrying Adrienne Rodriguez, she and Brown began

using  PCP  ("angel dust"). The drug resulted in

domestically violent outbursts from Brown and he was

arrested several times for domestic violence against

Rodriguez while high on the drug. After a 1988 arrest

from allegedly hitting his wife with a lead pipe and

shooting at her in their car during an argument, Brown

went on the CNN program Sonya Live in L.A. and

appeared to be behaving erratically in response to

questions asked by host Sonya Friedman, refusing to

discuss the domestic issue with Rodriguez, instead wanting to bring more focus on his professional life. At one point during the interview, Brown began shouting out his song titles to one of Friedman's questions. The interview later went viral and led some to assume that Brown was either drunk or on drugs. One of Brown's former mistresses recalled in an GQ magazine article on Brown some years after his death that Brown would smoke PCP "until that got hard to find," and cocaine, mixed with tobacco in Kool cigarettes. In January 1998, he spent a week in rehab to deal with an addiction to prescription drugs. A week following his release, he was arrested for an unlawful use of a handgun and possession of cannabis.

 

On December 23, 2006, Brown became very ill and arrived at his dentist's office in Atlanta, Georgia, several hours later than his appointment for dental implant work. During that visit, Brown's dentist observed that Brown looked "very bad ... weak and dazed." Instead of performing the dental work, the dentist advised Brown to see a doctor right away about his medical condition. Brown checked in at the  Emory Crawford Long Memorial Hospital  the next day for a medical evaluation of his condition, and he was admitted to the hospital for observation and treatment. According to Charles Bobbit, Brown's longtime personal manager and friend, Brown had a noisy cough since he returned from a November trip to Europe. Bobbit also added that Brown never complained about being sick, and often performed while ill. Although Brown had to cancel upcoming shows in Waterbury, Connecticut and Englewood, New Jersey, Brown was confident that the doctor would discharge him from the hospital in time to perform the New Year's Eve shows. For the New Year's celebrations, Brown was scheduled to perform at the Count Basie Theatre in New Jersey and at the B. B. King Blues Club in New York, in addition to performing a song live on CNN for the Anderson Cooper New Year's Eve special.

However, Brown remained hospitalised, and his medical condition worsened throughout that day.

 

On December 25, 2006, Brown died at approximately 1:45 am EST (06:45 UTC) from congestive heart failure resulting from complications of pneumonia, at the age of 73, with his personal manager and longtime friend Charles Bobbit at his bedside

According to Bobbit, Brown stuttered "I'm going away tonight", and then took three long, quiet breaths and fell asleep before dying.

 

After Brown's death, Brown's relatives and friends, a host of celebrities and thousands of fans attended public memorial services at the Apollo Theater in New York on December 28, 2006, and at the James Brown Arena on December 30, 2006, in Augusta, Georgia. A separate, private memorial service was also held in North Augusta, South Carolina on December 29, 2006, which was attended by Brown's family and close friends. Celebrities who attended Brown's public and or private memorial services included Michael Jackson, Jimmy Cliff, Joe Frazier, Buddy Guy, Ice Cube, Ludacris, Dr. Dre, Little Richard, Dick Gregory, MC Hammer, Prince, Jesse Jackson, Ice-T, Jerry Lee Lewis, Bootsy Collins, LL Cool J, Lil Wayne, Lenny Kravitz, 50 Cent, Stevie Wonder, Todd Williams and

Don King, among others. All of the public and private memorial services were officiated by Rev. Al Sharpton.

 

Brown's public and private memorial ceremonies were elaborate, complete with costume changes for Brown and videos featuring him in concert performances. Brown's body, which was placed in a Promethean casket, which is bronze polished to a golden shine, was driven through the streets of New York to the Apollo Theater in a white, glass-encased horse-drawn carriage. In Augusta, Georgia, the procession for Brown's public memorial visited Brown's statue as the procession made its way to the James Brown Arena. During the public memorial at the James Brown Arena, a video showed Brown's last performance in Augusta, Georgia

and the Ray Charles version of " Georgia on My Mind " played soulfully in the background. Brown's last backup band, The Soul Generals, also played the music of Brown's hits during the memorial service at the James Brown Arena. The group was joined by Bootsy Collins on bass, with MC Hammer performing a dance in James Brown style. Former Temptations lead singer Ali-Ollie Woodson performed "Walk Around Heaven All Day" at the memorial service.

 

A colored is a very frightened-to-death Afro-American. A Negro is one that makes it in the system, and he wants to be white. A nigger, he's loud and boisterous, wants to be seen. Nobody likes a nigger. A black man has pride. He wants to build, he wants to make his race mean something. Wants to have a culture and art forms. And he's not prejudiced. I am a Black American Man. Now you go ahead and print it.

 

JAMES JOSEPH BROWN

 

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